Human dignity is the core of human rights and human rights education, and is granted to all human beings irrespective of religious, birth, gender or civilization.
Human rights education needs a three-dimensional approach to be effective:
Knowledge-based (to know about human rights: e.g. the history of rights, how democracy functions), skills-based (for human rights: self-knowledge and self awareness, realising your own prejudices) and environment-based (in or through human rights: creating a “whole-school policy”).
The Austrian educational principle of citizenship education, which has been in force since 1978, includes human rights education. The content parameters are decreed as a basic principle. This means that every teacher can be called upon to teach citizenship education – even at primary level. The general ordinance was brought up-to-date in terms of a modern didactics of politics in 2015. A new curricula became effective in the 2016/17 school year, which makes citizenship education from grade 6 and up compulsory, through the subject, "History and Citizenship Education", and also comprises teaching on topics of human rights.