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Trafficking in Human Beings

Trafficking in human beings has different forms, regarding the real dimension only estimates exists. Although there are different forms of trafficking in human beings anti-trafficking work was focused on trafficking in women for the purpose of sexual exploitation in the last years. Other forms of trafficking in human beings, especially trafficking in human beings for the purpose of labour exploitation, attract attention only lately. Different forms of trafficking in human beings require different and adapted measures against it. All measures need to follow a comprehensive approach. This allows combining prosecution, prevention of trafficking in human beings as well as the protection and strengthening of victim’s rights.

Trafficking in human beings forms a human rights violation; consequently efforts against trafficking in human beings are required which put the human rights of trafficked persons at the centre. The BIM’s research focuses on the protection of the human rights of victims in all measures and strategies against trafficking in human beings. This encompasses analysis of legal and political measures at international, European and national level. BIM’s activities further contain publications, especially regarding child trafficking, trainings and presentations as well as networking at national and European level.

On the occasion of a special election of the Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings of the Council of Europe (GRETA) the Austrian government nominated two BIM experts (Julia Planitzer, Helmut Sax) for this function. Finally, Helmut Sax was elected in December 2010 for a term of four years.

ACTnow- Anti-Child-Trafficking: Victim protection and child sensitive assistance as Austria's challenges

PanelIn cooperation with ECPAT Austria and LexisNexis, the Law Faculty of the University of Vienna and the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Human Rights elaborated two expert opinions on questions concerning assistance to and identification of victims of child trafficking as well as concerning the criminal responsibility of perpetrators.

Combating Trafficking in Human Beings for Labour Exploitation

THB for labour exploitation has been criminalised in many countries, but its practice is still largely trivialised. States give their own interpretation of labour exploitation and case law differs considerably between states. The project seeks to assess how legislation on THB for labour exploitation is applied by the law enforcement agencies and further stakeholders. Within the study, it should be clarified which public institutions, law enforcement agencies and further stakeholders are involved in identification of trafficked persons and law enforcement. At the same time, the assistance to victims of trafficking for the purpose of labour exploitation is analyzed.