Due to the genocides and crimes committed in the Second World War the protection of fundamental and human rights received great attention, which the United Nations (UN) immediately adopted after the end of the war. With the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (AEMR) of 1948, many UN member states agreed for the first time on a worldwide catalog of values.
With the "Anschluss", which opened the way for National Socialist Germany to Czechoslovakia and the Balkans, the Austrian Republic became the so-called "Ostmark" under the leadership of the National Socialist Party. Both the Second World War and the National Socialist extermination policy bear witness to the destructive power of a fanaticism that claimed millions of lives.
After the First World War, the newly-proclaimed republic had a difficult start: economic and social problems led to doubts about the viability of the small state and ultimately led to the political radicalization that culminated in the civil war and the "Anschluss".
The Austrian Centre for Citizenship Education in Schools was partner of the EU-project Engage – building together European learning material on education for citizenship, which develops teaching materials for Citizenship Education age eight till twelve.
Take a look at the polis Shop! Here you will find numerous of current teaching materials for elementary school and secondary education on topics like citizenship education, human rights education and others.