Background of the project
Case law of the European Court of Human rights shows that violations of defence rights, as for example set out in Articles 5 and 6 European Convention of Human Rights, do occur across all EU Member States. As the EU has passed more and more measures in the area of criminal justice, such as the Framework Decision on the European Arrest Warrant, there has been increased demand for the EU to make sure human rights are complied with in the respective criminal procedures by EU Member States. Additionally, the EU has an interest to promote mutual trust among EU Member States in order to facilitate mutual recognition of judicial decisions. Common minimum standards contribute to this endeavour.