Rare minerals are key ingredients of industrial production. Their extraction is finite, but the demand for them rises constantly. The provision of rare minerals are high on the political agenda of the European Union and Austria. However, the extraction of such minerals is often connected with massive negative social and environmental consequences. The report "More Human Rights in the Rare Minerals Supply Chain" analyses several mechanisms of human rights protection in minerals extraction.
Our guest researcher Ceren Uysal contributed the article "State of Emergency in Turkey: Every number that goes into the records is a human life!" to the Human Rights Report 2017 by the Austrian League of Human Rights, in which she highlighted human rights implications of the state of emergency in force in Turkey since 21 July 2016.
The Human Rights Report 2017 is available for download below. For further information on the Austrian League of Human Rights, please visit their website (in German).
Julia Planitzer and Nora Katona have published their paper on “Criminal Liability of Cooperations for Trafficking in Human Beings for Labour Exploitation” in the November issue of Global Policy.
The paper holds that legal instruments at the European level, such as the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings, clearly define that States have an obligation to establish corporate liability for trafficking in human beings (THB). However, upon closer look at national legislation in Europe, one recognises that the norms within this framework are not being enforced to their fullest extent.
The Austrian League for Human Rights is the oldest human rights organization in Austria. It is guided by the principles of humanity and works for social justice and international understanding. BIM has a long common history with the league and we are happy to contribute with our expertise to the work of the league.
In their article, Ernst Berger and Caroline Paar offer an overview of the Austrian legal framework regarding monitoring visits to psychiatric hospitals or residential homes/groups for children and juveniles supervised by youth welfare services.
Under OPCAT, six commissions has been assigned with the mandate to visit places of detention as a preventive mechanism against torture and other forms of ill-treatment – to that effect, this includes the facilities mentioned above. The Authors discuss key issues of the monitoring process as well as the commission´s findings and recommendations.
With growing populism and further backlash against human rights defenders, 2016 saw a year of growing human rights challenges. Across 33 contributions in five sections, the European Yearbook on Human Rights 2017 explains and contextualizes key developments in human rights in the past year. With special sections dedicated to each of the three main organizations charged with securing human rights in Europe (EU, Council of Europe and OSCE), as well as a section on cross-cutting issues, the Yearbook provides much-needed analysis and insightful commentary.
On the 14th March 2017, the HUDI team at the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Human Rights, in conjunction with the Academy of European Law (ERA) in Trier completed a study entitled ‘The Future of Mutual Trust and the Prevention of Ill-treatment - Judicial cooperation and the Engagement of National Preventive Mechanisms.’
The EU-funded research project 'Human Rights in Business' explored judicial and non-judicial remedies within the EU to hold companies domiciled in a Member State liable for human rights violations for which they or their subcontractors are responsible, wherever the damage might have occurred. The project team formulated answers to the question how parties concerned by human rights violations, may they directly or indirectly be caused by corporate actions, are able to receive judicial remedy and compensation.
The Austrian government recently agreed on measures that involve direct interference with individuals’ rights to liberty. Amongst others, so called “Gefährder” (individuals considered to be a threat to public safety) and rejected asylum seekers are affected.
In this current BIM Position, we examine these measures from a human rights perspective, exploring the link between the rule of law principle and considerations of public security.